He be coming home at six. With a numerical quantifier such as two, seven, fifty, etc.
Download this Essay in word format. African-American Vernacular English can be described as an assortment of American English that is mostly used by urban-working class and mostly bi-dialectical middle-class black Americans. In some cases, particularly outside the academic community, it is referred to as Ebonics given its distinctive features and similarities with other non-standard English varieties.
The similarities with other varieties are evident when compared to various standard and non-standard English languages that are commonly used in the United States and the Caribbean.
In the past few years, African-American Vernacular English has been the subject of various public debates and attracted considerable attention among sociolinguists.
This paper examines the development of this language, its distinctive features, cultural context, and socio-economic implications of the use of African-American Vernacular English.
Roots of African-American Vernacular English The history and origin of African-American Vernacular English and other varieties associated with it has been an issue of increased controversy Sidnell, n. However, the roots of this language were undoubtedly established in the rural South whereas its 20th Century development as a socio-cultural variety is strongly linked to its use in non-Southern urban regions.
In essence, the emergence of urban Black English is a by-product of the Great Migration through which African-Americans migrated from the rural South to large metropolitan regions of the North in the 20th Century.
However, the democratic migration is not an adequate explanation for the cultural movement through which urban centers became the modern norm for African-American Vernacular English.
A dramatic redistribution or migration of African-Americans took place in the period between World War 1 through to the Second World War and beyond. This redistribution was characterized by movement of African-Americans from rural South for cities in the North.
This large invasion of African-Americans in urban areas contributed to intense racial isolation that was accompanied with social and cultural implications. These implications in turn lead to the development of a social environment that was favorable to the maintenance of ethno-linguistic differences.
The maintenance of ethno-linguistic differences by African-Americans in turn acted as the basis for the emergence and development of African-American Vernacular English.
Nonetheless, there are other theories that have been used to demonstrate the roots or origin of African-American Vernacular English. One of these theories is the belief that this language emerged from at least one slave creoles through the trans-Atlantic African slave trade. In this case, the development of Black English was fueled by the need for African slaves to communicate among themselves and with their masters.
However, the contribution of these languages to contemporary African-American Vernacular English is very minimal.
This implies that African-American Vernacular English was developed on the basis of transplant dialect communities from Southern rural speakers who migrated to non-Southern areas. Distinctive Features of African-American Vernacular English African-American Vernacular English has distinctive features that make it unique or difference from other variables.
One of the most notable differences in this language is verb phrase, which mainly entails the use of aspect, mood, and tense. Verb phrase in this language entails copula or auxiliary absence for contractible forms of are and is.
Copula or auxiliary absence in the verb phrase of Black English is similar to some Southern white rural vernacular varieties of English. The second feature about verb phrase in this language is the invariant be or non-finite be, which is considered as the most salient grammatical characteristic of African-American Vernacular English.
The other aspects of verb phrase in this language include the use of completive done, combination of be and done in sentences, emphasized use of been, and inclusion of specialized auxiliaries.
The second distinctive feature of African-American Vernacular English is related to the development of negation. In this language, a single negative proposition may be indicated both within the verb phrase as well as on post-verbal indefinites.
While this is not different from most of the existing vernacular dialects in English, the inclusion of negative concord is quite distinctive.
Third, African-American Vernacular English is also characterized by the lack of inflectional -- s on plurals and possessives Wolfram, n. This tendency by Black Americans is very rare among other vernaculars of American English. Verbs in African-American Vernacular English are always used without any ending as there are various ways of marking negation.
In relation to vocabulary, Sidnell n. Nonetheless, speakers of his language use some words that are not found in other English varieties as well as certain English words in ways that vary from the standard dialects in English.
Moreover, some of the words used in this language have their origin in West African languages, which influenced the development of African-American Vernacular English.
Even though words are seemingly composed of a form i. A sound signal and a meaning in this language, their meaning may be derived from West African sources. With regards to sounds, African-American Vernacular English has relatively different pronunciation from Standard English.
Black Vernacular English speakers attach importance to these pronunciation differences or accent. The consonant cluster in this language is lessened variably and systematically while Black Vernacular English speakers occasionally delete consonant and nasalize the vowel unlike in Standard English.
Thomasstates that phonetic and phonological variables are adequate representation and reflections of how African-American Vernacular English is different from Standard English p.Essay on African American Vernacular Online Dictionary, the definition of vernacular is “of, relating to, or being a nonstandard language or dialect of a place, region, or country.” In terms of African American history, the evolution of vernacular is very important and a very unique part of the culture.
The Creole Origins of African American Vernacular English: Evidence from copula absence. John R. Rickford Stanford University (In African American English, ed. by Salikoko S. Mufwene, John R. Rickford, Guy Bailey and John Baugh. (Winford, D ) There have been suggestions that African American vernacular English (AAVE) is an African language.
The origin of the AAVE remains a controversial issue where scholars have never agreed on the various aspects concerning this dialect. African American Vernacular English Words | 6 Pages. African American Vernacular English Background: African American Vernacular English (AAVE) is the variety previously known as Black English Vernacular or Vernacular Black English by sociolinguists, and commonly called Ebonics outside the academic community.
African American Vernacular English essays Origins of AAVE There is some controversy about the origin of AAVE.
Some people believe that the Black people, who were brought to America as slaves, picked up English from the English-speaking.
African American Vernacular English can also be called as Black English, Black Vernacular English or African American Language (AAL).Black English had been discriminated for a long time in history.
There was a saying that “Black English is .