Posted on April 27, by quantumphysica Murder. It is a dirty word. To take a life is regarded as one of the gravest crimes one can commit.
Why do individuals commit crime? This essay will explore and critically discuss why I, personally, think individuals commit crime. There are many arguments over the definition of what is a criminal act.
Within this essay I am discussing acts which are a violation of the law and anything which deviates from the expected social norms Dubber, I will look in detail at Life Course Theory in regards to primary socialisation, self control and social institutions such as marriage.
I will also explore Relative Deprivation and the Social Exclusion of an individual. These, I believe are all important factors into why an individual feels the need to commit, or is drawn towards a life of crime. I will also explore the aspect of mental health issues in relation to crime and how that may have an impact upon my coined and developed theory.
Criminological thesis have stemmed through centuries of investigation and learning. Due to milestones such as the enlightenment, a rationalised and scientific notion of the understanding of crime has evolved. Although Life Course theory mainly applies and focuses on lower class males, I feel this is justifiable as the majority of crime is committed by males, as shown within our criminal justice system, therefore I feel it is acceptable to use this theory in an attempt to explain why the majority of individuals commit crimes, without presenting it as a blanket theory that explains all crime Farrington, There are many reasons as to why an individual may feel driven to commit crime or engage in delinquent behaviour.
The life histories and future trajectories of individuals were largely neglected by early sociological research which led to Life Course Criminology evolving in s.
Life Course Theory allows the crossing of disciplinary boundaries, such as psychology and sociology, and the expected cultural borders in order to develop a more explored and researched explanation Elder et al, Distinctive themes of Life Course Theory include the relation between individuals and an ever changing society, the timing of lives; interdependent lives for example spouses, and human agency.
It is a contemporary, longitudinal theory which is formed around its concern for three main topics: This theory does not attempt to explain crime as a whole, but focuses on more common crimes such as theft, robbery, violence, drug use and so on Farrington, The age-crime curve is of great importance in life course theory.
It provides us with evidence that criminal or delinquent behaviour starts between the ages of eight and fourteen, and peaks in late teenage years between fifteen and nineteen. However, Farrington argues the age-crime curve is heavily reliant on change and he merely describes the meaning of age to be found within individuals comparisons.
On the other hand, Gottfredson and Hirschi argue that is age-crime curve is so consistent; it should be regarded as a constant. Farrington discusses the ten tenets of crime that are widely accepted and discussed in Life Course Theory.
Within these he acknowledges, again, that the onset of offending is typically within the ages of eight to fourteen, and peaks within the late teenage years of fifteen to nineteen. Diversity within offences increases until the age of twenty, then an individual tends to specialise in particular crimes.
Moffitt argues negative child-parent bonds increase the risk of introducing a child to a delinquent path that starts in the early teens and develops and persists into adulthood.
If a child displays a specific delinquent behaviour, this may not be enlightenment to the future crimes they may commit, but they may be associated to their earlier behaviour. Gottfredson and Hirschi go further to say that a child brought up in a nurturing and structured environment, learn their rights and wrongs as they develop and these become internalised.
Their cultural norms, values and social controls become a part of their identity. They expand on this by saying that those who have less self control, are less likely to succeed within marriage or holding down a good job. Marital attachment and job stability had significant effects in reducing deviant behaviour during adulthood, even among those with a history of delinquency in childhood Warr, However, Sampson and Laub argue that the social institution, marriage itself, does not increase social control itself, but the emotional bonds between spouses.
These strong attachments lead to a reduction in delinquent behaviour, an individual would rather invest social capital into their work and family lives, resulting in deterrence.
Social capital includes an abundance of social networks, ranging from close family members to the state itself Coleman, Individuals are socialised into a society controlled by social and cultural capital, meaning they must constantly adapt to current circumstances.
Societies which are known for their high income inequality, Kaplan argues, reject the political interests of those in a lower class, and focus upon those of the affluent class. Communities with large economic inequality show evidence of reduced investment in education, resulting in social disorganisation and increased risk of delinquency and unemployment rates Kawachi et al Farrington argues, unemployment rates correlate with crime increase, although only crimes of financial gain, such as theft.Baruwa explains in Roper, " Christopher Simmons (17 y.o.) planned to commit a burglary and murder by breaking and entering, tying up the victim, and throwing the victim off a bridge.
Further, Simmons told the juveniles that because of their age they could “get away with it” [ 3 ]. Murder Essay Examples. 72 total results. The Different Perspectives Why a People Commit Murder. 1, words.
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I began with the Gale opposing viewpoints context in the ASA online database which are tools I used to explore current topics that include pro/con view point essay’s and topic overviews.
This essay will explore and critically discuss why I, personally, think individuals commit crime. There are many arguments over the definition of what is a criminal act. Murder Essay Examples. 72 total results. The Different Perspectives Why a People Commit Murder. 1, words. 3 pages.
A Story of a Murderer. 2, words. 5 pages.
An Analysis of the Capital Punishment and the Ways it Affects the Murder in Retribution Sense. 1, words.
3 pages. Apr 27, · Murder. It is a dirty word. To take a life is regarded as one of the gravest crimes one can commit. It is a capital sin. Yet, people kill. Why is it that something universally regarded as “bad” among human beings is still so common? What brings people to kill, what goes on in their.