Parliamentary government a gateway to good governance Essay - Paper Example Parliamentary government a gateway to good governance Essay Parliamentary Government, a gateway to good governance - Parliamentary government a gateway to good governance Essay introduction. The most stable and progressive countries In the world today have a parliamentary form of government. India and the US are undoubtedly the two biggest democratic countries of the world today, the basic difference between them being the parliamentary democracy of the former and congressional or presidential democracy of the latter.
Parliamentary Democracy Essay Parliamentary Democracy Essay The central feature of parliamentary democracy is the interweaving of the executive and legislative branches. Candidates from two or more parties contend for election to the legislature.
The resulting legislature chooses the executive from the leading party or coalition. The executive members remain in the legislature, present their policies to the legislature, and stay in office only as long as they retain the support of the legislature.
A secondary feature is the separation of functions between the governmental leader i. The Framers of the U. Constitution considered adopting this model. In deciding instead on separate elections for the executive and legislative branches, they created a system that is lauded for its ingeniously contrived balance between power and constraints.
Of the various efforts to address this problem, most fall into one of Essay on parliamentary democracy contrasting types. The Westminster Model In this original version of parliamentary democracy, typified by the British political framework, a first past the post voting system allows the two dominant political parties to control the parliament.
The division of power is exemplified by the physical design of the legislature, in which the government party sits on one side, confronting the opposition parties across a divide.
Power is concentrated in the prime minister and a cabinet selected by the prime minister. A mostly unwritten constitution is subject to changes by simple acts of parliament.
The model is admired for its ability to take fast, effective action based on clear policy choices. Yet it is criticized as unfair to all but the two leading parties and it commonly produces governments based on pluralities. This latter argument overlooks the vigorous pluralism embedded in British political culture.
Nonetheless, the criticism has led to changes in the British system itself, including devolution to Scottish and Welsh parliaments, which are elected according to proportional representation.
While some of the essential features of the Westminster model have been adopted by former British dependencies, federalism is the rule in Canada, Australia, and India. The European Model In the version adopted by several Western European states, proportional representation voting produces legislatures with multiple parties that bargain to produce governing coalitions.
Committees of the legislatures exercise considerable power.
Parliaments are bicameral with an influential, but less powerful, upper chamber. Federal systems divide power between central and state governments. Written constitutions are enforced by judicial review. Admirers of the Westminster model see the European versions as slower to act, requiring incessant haggling behind the scenes, and producing unstable, constantly changing governments.
After World War I —German and Italian governments underlined the potential consequences of instability in the system. However, others see the European model as much fairer, more consensual, and more representative than the Westminster system.
While it has produced upheaval in some countries, there are also examples of long-lived coalitions and rotations of power that have retained policy continuity for issues upon which there is a consensus, such as in the management of energy resources, economic transition, or key relationships in foreign affairs.
This continuity is sometimes achieved through retaining cabinet ministers from the previous coalition. Chapman and Hall, Yale University Press, Giannetti, Daniela, and Kenneth Benoit, eds.
Intraparty Politics and Coalition Governments. The Dilemma of Democracy: Parliamentary Government in England. Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-six Countries. Parliamentary versus Presidential Government.
Oxford University Press, Government Survival in Parliamentary Democracies. Cambridge University Press, Policy Horizons and Parliamentary Government.Essay about korea trip package emily rauscher dissertation research paper on grid computing pdf.
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A parliamentary democracy is the power in Germany being shared amongst everybody. The positions are democratically elected by the population of the country. The positions are democratically elected by the population of the country. Essay on the Parliamentary System of Government Article shared by Parliamentary system is the only form so far devised in any representative democracy, which ensures harmonious cooperation between the executive and legislative branches of government.