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O Wilson has put it: Environmentalism sees humanity as a biological species tightly dependent on the natural world.
Many of earth s vital resources are about to be exhausted, if atmospheric chemistry is deteriorating and human populations have already grown dangerously large. Natural ecosystems the well-springs of a healthful environment are being irreversibly degraded.
Humans have been encroaching the physical environment for ages, over the years. The major interventions occurred, when humans moved into settlements and convert forests into farmland and started to domesticate animals and plant trees. In this context the Club of Rome made the following predictions: If present growth trends in world population, industrialisation, pollution, food problems and resource depletion continue unchanged, the limits to growth on this planet will be reached within the next one hundred years.
The most probable results will be a rather sudden and uncontrollable decline in both population and industrial capacity. As humans spread around the globe, they tend to displace trees, wolves and marsh weeds to make way for farms, cities and human settlements.
Economic growth and industrialisation are roads to environmental ruin. Growing degradation in natural resources is now a serious problem of LDCs. This is the result of the interactions between the traditional sector due to strong population pressure on limited land resources and modern sector with increased capital intensity through technology borrowing.
The environmental problem may be defined as the problem of natural resources exhaustion resulting from exploitation at speeds beyond their natural recovery rates, which endangers sustenance of life. Poverty and Environmental Degradation: The root cause of environmental degradation in LDCs is the growing incidence of poverty.
Most people in LDCs, particularly in rural areas, do not have any private property. So they have to depend on certain common property resources. There is no clearly defined legal right on such resources. Environmental problems are really serious in LDCs because changes in technology and institutions lag behind changes in resource endowments.
With rapid growth of population, resources become more and more scarce. At the same time, institutions for conserving scarce natural resources have been slow to develop. These two developments conjointly led to the serious depletion of common-property resources. This lag in institutional adjustment tends to become larger in LDCs due to poverty.
In other words, poverty is the main cause of environmental destruction. Rural Poverty and Environmental Destruction: This results in a high incidence of soil erosion.
In addition, they are forced to cut forests for timber and fuel as well as graze animals on pasture lands, exceeding the reproductive capacity of these natural resources. It is quite obvious that, in such a situation, dire poverty or destitution typically becomes a vicious circle.Thus our continued emphasis on the economic growth we know today is diametrically opposed to sustainability of our planet.
Although there has been progress in developing alternative energy sources to wean us from carbon-based energy, it is time, many say, to bring an end to growth, to rethink our priorities, to conserve, to reinvent. click here Energy and Human Evolution by David Price.
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Price, Carpenter Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY THE TRAGEDY OF THE COMMON REVISITED by Beryl Crowe () reprinted in MANAGING THE COMMONS by Garrett Hardin and John Baden W.H.
Freeman, ; ISBN Economic Growth And Environmental Sustainability Economics Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.
The literature on economic growth and environment is vast. However, the widest.
The global environment has been changing over time due to rapid economic growth. Meanwhile, the economic growth will be ongoing. It is difficult to control the environmental problems that caused by economic growth although people are trying to make some policies to .
The concept of economic growth is one which has attracted the interest and focus of researchers worldwide.
Weil (, p. 12) refers to economic growth as a “compelling topic” and a rapidly expanding field, based on the significant increase in the amount of research on this topic.