He grew up there in the care of his uncle before attending Trinity College at the age of fourteen, where he stayed for seven years, graduating in In that year, he became the secretary of Sir William Temple, an English politician and member of the Whig party. Inhe took religious orders in the Church of Ireland and then spent a year as a country parson. He then spent further time in the service of Temple before returning to Ireland to become the chaplain of the earl of Berkeley.
Not only did it smack of mystery and political, social, and sexual scandal, but it's often hilarious, and just about always brilliant. Swift was dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin when his novel came out. Since in this book he wrote about--and often harpooned--prominent political figures, he published the book anonymously.
While most readers were trying like mad to find out who the author was, Swift's close friends had great fun keeping the secret. Days after the publication of the Travels, Alexander Pope, one of Swift's dearest friends and the author of such important works as "The Rape of the Lock" and "An Essay on Man," wrote him in an especially playful letter: London fairly buzzed with speculations, suggestions, and countersuggestions regarding the author's identity, as well as those of some of his characters.
In Part I, for example, the Lilliputian Emperor--tyrannical, cruel, corrupt, and obsessed with ceremony--though a timeless symbol of bad government, is also a biting satire of George I, King of England from toduring much of Swift's career. The Lilliputian Empress stands for Queen Anne, who blocked Swift's advancement in the Church of England, having taken offense at some of his earlier, signed satires.
These correspond respectively to the Whigs and Tories, the two major British political parties. It didn't take long for people to catch on to the fact that the author was writing about England by way of Lilliput, Brobdingnag, Laputa, and the land of the Houyhnhnms. And it also didn't take long for the public to discover that the author was Jonathan Swift.
Not only had he been involved in some of the most important and heated political events of the time, but he was also a well-known political journalist and satirist whose style was, to say the least, distinctive. Swift got his political feet wet in the Glorious Revolutionthe object of which was to convince James II king of England from to to abdicate the throne.
James, a Roman Catholic, sought to increase the power of the Roman Church in England at the expense of the Anglican Church, long considered the country's official church. James' interests ran counter to those of the majority of his subjects, which was bad enough, but his methods--underhanded, blatantly discriminatory against Anglicans also called Episcopaliansand cruel--made the situation impossible.
James did flee England in December 11,when William of Orange, his son-in-law and a moderate Protestant, arrived with a small army to depose him.
James lived the rest of his life in France under the protection of Louis XIV, but the English remained anxious that he or his son would again try to seize the throne.
Though Swift an Anglican clergyman, remember welcomed the Protestant William of Orange, he was uneasy that the monarch was so lenient toward Roman Catholics. Swift, for example, favored the Test Act, which required all government officials to take the Sacraments according to the rites of the Anglican Church.
This measure, of course, would exclude Catholics and other non-Anglicans from holding government posts.
This put Swift at odds with the Whig party which, like the king, favored the repeal of the Test Act. By it became clear that the Whig government would fall. After making sure that the Tories would favor his policies for a strong Church of England, Swift changed parties.This is a theme that recurs throughout Gulliver's Travels.
For other examples, see Lord Munodi in Part 3 and Gulliver's discussion of war with the Master Horse in Part 4. For other examples, see Lord Munodi in Part 3 and Gulliver's discussion of war with the Master Horse in Part 4. Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels: Summary & Analysis.
One satirical author who wrote a novel about living in a corrupt society is Jonathan Swift who wrote Gulliver’s Travels. explained on how his government was based on conquering other and in constant war with other countries with simple problems that can be solved with.
Jonathan Swift's satires of Isaac Newton and the Royal Society were political and personal. Photograph: Getty For historians of science, Jonathan Swift's book Gulliver's Travels is well known both as a work of what we might call proto-science fiction and as a satire on the experimental philosophy that was being promoted by the Royal Society at the time of its publication – two years before the death of Isaac .
In writing Gulliver's Travels, Swift had aimed at amending and correcting his public. He wanted to shock the people into a realization of their faults and failings. Gulliver's Travels is an allegorical satire.
this mean that Swift does not attack personalities and institutions directly but in a veiled manner. Aug 03, · Guliver Guliver Satire on a Nation Jonathan Swifts, Gullivers Travels satirically relates bodily functions and physical attributes to social issues during Englands powerful rule of Europe.
Through out the story we find many relations between bodily features and British and European society. To the uniformed Gulliver's Travels is just a humorous adventure, but it was written to expose the many problems with the British Society at the time.
The culture Jonathan Swift lived in was not what one would call a utopia. The English culture of the late seventeenth century to the middle.